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To Be , To Have , To Do , To Make



To Be and to Have

Essere - to be

I am

sono

soh-noh

We are

siamo

see-ah-moh

You are

sei

say

You are

siete

see-eh-teh

He/she/it is

è

eh

They are

sono

soh-noh

Note: You do not have to use the subject pronouns as the different conjugations imply the subject.

Past and Future of Essere

I was

ero

we were

eravamo

I will be

sarò

we will be

saremo

you were

eri

you were

eravate

you will be

sarai

you will be

sarete

he/she/it is

era

they were

erano

he/she/it will be

sarà

they will be

saranno

Avere - to have

I have

ho

oh

We have

abbiamo

ahb-bee-ah-mo

You have

hai

eye

You have

avete

ah-veh-teh

He/she has

ha

ah

They have

hanno

ahn-noh

Past and Future of Avere

I had

avevo

we had

avevamo

I will have

avrò

we will have

avremo

you had

avevi

you had

avevate

you will have

avrai

you will have

avrete

he/she/it had

aveva

they had

avevano

he/she/it will have

avrà

they will have

avranno


Avere
is used with many idioms and expressions that normally use the verb "to be" in English:
avere fame - to be hungry
avere sete - to be thirsty
avere caldo - to be warm
avere freddo - to be cold
avere fretta - to be in a hurry
avere paura (di) - to be afraid (of)
avere ragione - to be right
avere torto - to be wrong
avere sonno - to be sleepy
avere bisogno di - to need
avere voglia di - to want, to feel like
avere (number) anni - to be (number) years old



To Do or Make

Fare-to do / make

faccio

fah-cho

facciamo

fah-chah-moh

fai

fah-ee

fate

fah-teh

fa

fah

fanno

fahn-noh

Che cosa fa? What do you do (as a profession)?
Che facoltà fa? What's your major?
Faccio l'architettura. I'm studying/majoring in architecture.

Idomatic expressions used with fare:
fare una domanda - to ask a question
fare un viaggio - to take a trip
fare un bagno - to take a bath
fare una passeggiata - to take a walk
fare attenzione - to pay attention
fare un piacere - to do a favor
fare una conferenza - to give a lecture
fare (profession) - to be a (profession)



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