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Reflexive Verbs



Reflexive Verbs

Reflexive verbs express actions performed by the subject on the subject. These verbs are conjugated like regular verbs, but a reflexive pronoun precedes the verb form. This pronoun always agrees with the subject. In the infinitive form, reflexive verbs have -si attached to them with the final e dropped.

Lavare is to wash, therefore lavarsi is to wash oneself. (Note that some verbs are reflexive in Italian, but not in English.)

Reflexive Pronouns

mi

ci

ti

vi

si

si

Common reflexive verbs:

to be satisfied with

accontentarsi di

to graduate (from college)

laurearsi

to fall asleep

addormentarsi

to wash up

lavarsi

to get up

alzarsi

to put on

mettersi

to be bored

annoiarsi

to get organized

organizzarsi

to get angry

arrabbiarsi

to make a reservation

prenotarsi

to be called

chiamarsi

to remember to

ricordarsi di

to forget to

dimenticarsi di

to make a mistake

sbagliarsi

to graduate (from high school)

diplomarsi

to feel (well, bad)

sentirsi (bene, male)

to have a good time

divertirsi

to specialize

specializzarsi

to shave (the face)

farsi la barba

to get married

sposarsi

to stop (oneself)

fermarsi

to wake up

svegliarsi

to complain about

lamentarsi di

to get dressed

vestirsi


Io mi lavo. I wash myself.
Noi ci alziamo presto. We get up early.
Si sveglia alle sette. She wakes up at seven.


The plural reflexive pronouns (ci, vi, si) can also be used with non-reflexive verbs to indicate a reciprocal action. These verbs are called reciprocal verbs and are expressed by the words each other in English.

to embrace

abbracciarsi

to run into

incontrarsi

to help

aiutarsi

to fall in love with

innamorarsi

to kiss

baciarsi

to greet

salutarsi

to understand

capirsi

to write to

scriversi

to meet

conoscersi

to phone

telefonarsi

to exchange gifts

farsi regali

to see

vedersi

to look at

guardarsi

Ci scriviamo ogni settimana. We write to each other every week.
Vi vedete spesso? Do you see each other often?



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