Past Indefinite Tense (Passato Prossimo)

Past Indefinite Tense (Passato Prossimo)

To form this compound tense (something happened, something has happened, or something did happen), conjugate avere or sometimes essere and add the past participle. To form the past participle, add these endings to the appropriate stem of the infinitives:







Verbs that can take a direct object are generally conjugated with avere. Verbs that do not take a direct object (generally verbs of movement) are conjugated with essere and their past participle must agree in gender and number with the subject. Avere uses avere as its auxiliary verb, while essere uses essere as its auxiliary verb. Negative sentences with the past indefinite tense are formed by placing non in front of the auxiliary verb. Common adverbs of time are placed between avere/essere and the past participle.

Io ho visitato Roma. I visited Rome.
Tu non hai visitato gli Stati Uniti. You didn't visit the United States.
Abbiamo conosciuto due ragazze. We met two girls.
Maria รจ andata in Italia. Maria went to Italy. (Note the agreement of the past participle with the subject.)
Ho sempre avuto paura dei cani. I've always been afraid of dogs.

In addition, some verbs take on a different meaning in the past indefinite tense. Consocere means to meet and sapere means to find out (or to hear) when used in the past indefinite.

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