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Definite and Indefinite Articles and Demonstratives


Definite and Indefinite Articles and Demonstratives

Articles (a, an, the) are used before nouns, but in Italian, nouns have gender and the articles must agree with the gender. Masculine words generally end in -o and feminine words generally end in -a. Words that end in -e may be either, so you will just have to memorize the gender.

Definite Article - The

Masculine

Feminine

il

eel

sing., before consonants

la

lah

sing., before consonants

lo

low

sing., before z, gn, or s + cons.

l'

l

sing., before vowels

l'

l

sing., before vowels

i

ee

plural, before consonants

le

leh

plural, before consonants and vowels

gli

lyee

plural, before vowels, z, gn, or s + cons.

Indefinite Articles - A, an, some

Masculine

Feminine

A, An

un

oon

before consonant or vowel

una

oon-ah

before consonants

uno

oon-oh

before z, gn, or s + consonant

un'

oon

before vowels

Some

dei

day

before consonants

delle

dell-eh

before vowels and consonants

degli

deh-lyee

before vowels, z, gn, or s + cons.

Demonstratives - This, that, these, and those

This and these

This

These

Masc.

questo

questi

before a consonant

quest'

questi

before a vowel

Fem.

questa

queste

before a consonant

quest'

queste

before a vowel

That and those

That

Those

Masc.

quel

quei

before a consonant

quell'

quegli

before a vowel

quello

quegli

before z, gn, or s + consonant

Fem.

quella

quelle

before a consonant

quell'

quelle

before a vowel

Note: If you use that and those as a subject, use these four forms: quello for masculine singular, quella for feminine singular, quelli for masculine plural, and quelle for feminine plural.






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